Авеста весь текст pdf

The five books are the Yasna (including the Gathas), Visperad, Vendidad, Yashts and Khordeh Avesta. Also included in the Khordeh Avesta are the niayesh which in Persian means prayers — prayers recited in conjunction with gahs. The latter form does not contain Pahlavi translations and is therefore called the Vendidad Sadah (plain). The second section consists of the Khordeh Avesta — texts for liturgies of the outer circle and those used by both, priest and laity in their daily prayers and activities. Obviously, it reflects the author’s current opinions on many issues, but not on all.

Therefore, if you want to cite anything here for the purpose of scholarly discussion, please check with the author first. System One — Five Sections One system organizes them as five books and miscellaneous fragments — the manner in which they are published in print.

Комментируются, как правило, только полные (или наиболее полные) переводы; в остальных переводах соответствующие фрагменты отмечаются символом +. Комментарии к многократно повторяющимся терминам и пассажам даются один раз — в большинстве случаев когда термин (пассаж) встречается впервые. The Zand is written in Middle Persian Pahlavi, the language that preceded modern Persian. Originally there were thirty Yashts, one dedicated to each named day of the month. Курсивом в курсивных круглых скобках приводятся фрагменты, которые в некоторых списках Авесты отсутствуют.

The baj are also prayers said for the dead on the occasion of a death anniversary. And this can vary from one edition to the next, especially in the composition of the Khordeh Avesta selections.

Please register to: Save publications, articles and searchesGet email alertsGet all the benefits mentioned below!Register now >. Sanskrit yajna and yana). Priests recite the Yasna as part of the liturgy when performing their priestly duties and functions. Vendidad The name Vendidad is a later form of Videvdat, which is in turn a contraction of Vi-Daevo-Data, the law against devas or evil.

Yasna Yasna (also spelt izeshne in later texts) means service, prayers and dedications — the words of worship (cf. The gathas or hymns of Zarathushtra are part of the book of Yasna. The Zend Avesta are the main texts used in the Zoroastrian faith. Издание снабжено развёрнутыми вступительными статьями выдающихся отечественных востоковедов, подробными комментариями, именным индексом и словарём, позволяющим использовать книгу и качестве справочного пособия по зороастрийской религии и мифологии.

Included in the Khordeh Avesta are the baj prayers said before undertaking a task. Yasht The Yasht (yasht is commonly translated as worship) are hymns dedicated to Zoroastrian ideals together with the related angel (such as the ideals of friendship, the word as bond, and kindness, and the guardian of these ideals — the angel Mithra), and Zoroastrian concepts such as the fravashi. They are the prayers used by priests in purification ceremonies.

The Avesta contains books written in various but related old Indo-Iranian languages, broadly called the Avestan languages. The baj can be recited before eating or drinking when it can be compared to grace said by Christians. The Avesta that has survived destruction is organized in different ways. This is the complete Zend Avesta in English, a Public Domain version published in 1880 in Oxford.

Disclaimer: The material on this site is intended for teaching and learning. As such it is constantly corrected, updated and, hopefully, improved. It is therefore recommended that you check back regularly for updates. The gahs, in turn, are prayers for the five periods of the day.

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